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Background and Prevention

​​​​​​​Background

The coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause the common cold and more severe diseases such as COVID-19. Symptoms of COVID-19, which can appear in as few as two days or as many as 14 days after exposure, can include fever, runny nose, cough, and trouble breathing. 

Most develop only mild symptoms. But some people, usually those with other medical complications, develop more severe symptoms, including pneumonia, whic​h can be fatal. There is currently no vaccine for COVID-19. 

If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19, contact your health care provider immediately.

The CDC is recommending that Americans prepare for the possibility of a COVID-19 outbreak in their community. Community-based interventions such as school dismissals, event cancellations, social distancing, and creating employee plans to work remotely can help slow the spread of COVID-19. Decisions to take those steps will be made by local and state officials, in consultation with federal officials as appropriate, and based on the scope of the outbreak and the severity of illness. ​​

Prevention

Community associations, CAI chapters, management companies, and business partners should take the appropriate measures to ensure a hygienic environment, including regular cleaning of common areas and meeting spaces, and refilling of soap and hand sanitizers.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)​, the best way to prevent the spread of COVID-19​​ is to practice everyday preventive actions, including:

  • Everyone should wear a mask when they have to go out in public, for example to the grocery store or to pick up other necessities.

    • Masks should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
    • The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected.
    • Do NOT use a fac​​​emask meant for a healthcare worker.
    • ​Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing.​
  • Clean your hands often. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.​​​
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home as much as possible.
  • Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household.​
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others. You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.​
  • Cover coughs and sneezes. If you are in a private setting and do not have on your cloth face covering, remember to always cover your mouth a​​nd nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow. Throw used tissues in the trash.
  • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  • COVID-19 vaccination is especially important for people who may be more likely to get very sick from COVID-19, such as older adults and people with certain medical conditions.

  • People with underlying medical conditions may get a COVID-19 vaccine as long as they have not had a severe or immediate allergic reaction to the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine or any of the ingredients in a COVID-19 vaccine. CDC has made recommendations on who should get vaccinated first.

This information is subject to change. It is published with the understanding that CAI is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, medical, or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.​​