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North Carolina's Electronic Voting and Virtual Meeting Statutes

Electronic Voting Statute​​

§ 55A-7-08.  Action by w​ritten ballot.

(a)        Unless prohibited or limited by the articles of incorporation or bylaws and without regard to the requirements of G.S. 55A-7-04, any action that may be taken at any annual, regular, or special meeting of members may be taken without a meeting if the corporation delivers a written ballot to every member entitled to vote on the matter. Any requirement that any vote of the members be made by written ballot may be satisfied by a ballot submitted by electronic transmission, including electronic mail, provided that such electronic transmission shall either set forth or be submitted with information from which it can be determined that the electronic transmission was authorized by the member or the member's proxy.

(b)        A written ballot shall:

(1)        Set forth each proposed action; and

(2)        Provide an opportunity t​o vote for or against each proposed action.

(c)        Approval by written ballot pursuant to this section shall be valid only when the number of votes cast by ballot equals or exceeds the quorum required to be present at a meeting authorizing the action, and the number of approvals equals or exceeds the number of votes that would be required to approve the matter at a meeting at which the same total number of votes were cast.

(d)       All solicitations for votes by written ballot shall indicate the time by which a ballot shall be received by the corporation in order to be counted.

(e)        Except as otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, a written ballot shall not be revoked. 

 (1955, c. 1230; 1985 (Reg. Sess., 1986), c. 801, s. 35; 1993, c. 398, s. 1; 2008-37, s. 5.)

Virtual Meeting Statute

​​§ 55A-7-09. Remote participation in meetings; meetings held solely by remote participation.​​

​(a) Members of any class may participate in any meeting of members by means of remote communication to the extent the board of directors authorizes the participation for that class. Participation as a member by means of remote communication is subject to any guidelines and procedures the board of directors adopts and the requirements of subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Members participating by means of remote communication are deemed present and may vote at the meeting if the corporation has implemented reasonable measures to do all of the following:

  1. Verify that each per​son participating remotely as a member is a member.

  2. Provide the members a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and vote on matter submitted to the members to the same extent they could participate  and vote if present in person, including an opportunity to commuicate and to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting, substantially, currently with the proceedings.

​​(c) Unless member meetings held solely by means of remote communication are prohibited by the articles of incorporation or the bylaws, the board of directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that any meeting of members shall not be held at any place and shall instead

be held solely by means of remote communication, but only if the corporation implements the measures specified in subsection (b) of this section.

(d) In addition to the information required by G.S. 55A-7-05,  notice of a meeting held solely by means of remote communication shall include notice that the meeting will be held solely by means of remote communication and sufficient instruction and information on how members may join the meeting remotely.​